PROTOCOLE ON IRELAND / NORTHERN IRELAND Replacement of the texts of the NI Protocol agreed at the negotiating level for: – The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, enshrined in the Withdrawal Agreement, and the resulting technical adjustments to Article 184 « Negotiations on Future Relations » and Article 185 « Entry into force and implementation » of the Withdrawal Agreement […] The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. Among the main provisions of the withdrawal agreement are: the withdrawal agreement consists of 185 articles, three protocols and nine annexes. The agreement is divided into six parts. EXPLAINER FOR THE NEW IRELAND/NORTHERN IRELAND PROTOCOL AND THE POLITICAL DECLARATION ON THE FUTURE RELATIONSHIP 18 October 2019 Summary 1. The United Kingdom and the European Union have reached a political agreement on a new withdrawal agreement and a political declaration on the framework for future relations. This publication explains the changes made to these documents with respect to the changes made […] 1. The « common provisions » part of the agreement (Articles 1 to 8) mainly include provisions relating to the implementation, application and interpretation of the agreement. The withdrawal agreement also includes a protocol on the UK`s basic sovereign territories in Cyprus and a protocol on Gibraltar, which provides for the specific issues raised by the UK`s withdrawal from the EU with regard to Gibraltar. The UK`s official withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 (withdrawal date) at 11pm.
On that date, the withdrawal period under Article 50 of the TUE ended and the ratified withdrawal agreement, which sets out the legal conditions for the UK`s withdrawal, came into force. The ratified withdrawal agreement was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on the day of the withdrawal, as well as the political declaration on the framework of the future relations between the United Kingdom and the EU: withdrawal agreement: ratification of the withdrawal agreement of 22 October 2019 Graeme Cowie The UK government and the European Union reached an agreement on Thursday 17 October 2019 on a revised withdrawal agreement (draft treaty) and on a framework for future relations (a common political declaration, but not even a treaty). But this was not the end of the authorization procedure: […] 4. The following part (Articles 126-132) contains provisions relating to the transition period that extends to the end of 2020 and is necessary to move from withdrawal to future relations. The transitional period involves extending the application of existing EU legislation. The only important exception is that Britain will no longer be part of the EU`s institutions and bodies and will no longer participate in EU decision-making. The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s desire to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, deep and flexible partnership on trade and economic cooperation with the EU, with a free trade agreement with the EU, in addition to security agreements and other areas of cooperation. 3. The main objective of the part relating to the separation provisions (Articles 40-125) is to ensure legal certainty so that, at the end of the transition period, edough proceedings can be closed on the basis of the application of EU law, in accordance with EU law. This third part also contains the special provisions necessary for the eu`s orderly exit from the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom).