Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, China`s aid and support projects in Kenya mainly include: Moi International Sports Center, methane mine, eldret hospital extension project, Gambogi-Serem Highway, etc. In recent years, bilateral trade value has risen sharply. Chinese exports to Kenya mainly include household appliances, industrial and agricultural tools, textiles, consumer goods, building materials and drugs, and so on. Products imported from Kenya mainly include: black tea, coffee and leather goods, etc. In 2002, the trade value between China and Kenya was $186.37 million, of which $180.576 million was Chinese exports, while imports were $5.798 million. Cooperation between China and Kenya, beneficial to both sides, began in 1985. Currently, there are more than 20 Chinese companies doing their business in Kenya, such as Jiangsu International Economic and Technological Cooperation Co., Sichuan International Economic and Technological Cooperation Co. Ltd. and China Road Bridge Construction (Group) Corporation and China Import and Export (Group) Corporation for Complete Sets of Equipment and so on. At the July 2018 AU summit in Nouakchott, Mauritania, and the regular summit in Addis Ababa in January 2019, African heads of state agreed that no country should start bilateral free trade negotiations with a third party after the AfCFTA agreement comes into force, as they could jeopardize afCFTA. Bilateral economic and trade agreements between China and Kenya include « economic and technological cooperation agreements between the People`s Republic of China and the Republic of Kenya, » trade agreements between the People`s Republic of China and the Republic of Kenya (1978), etc. These bilateral relations date back to 14 December 1963, two days after Kenya`s formal independence was established, when China was the fourth country to open an embassy in Nairobi.  Military exchanges between the two countries have intensified over the past decade.
General Liu Jingsong, commander of the Lanzhou Military Region, led China`s first military delegation to Kenya in December 1996; General Nick Leshan, commander of the Kenyan Air Force, made a counter-visit in 1997.  Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki visited Beijing in August 2005.  The aim is therefore to reach an agreement that builds on AGOA`s objectives and creates a basis for the development of trade and investment between the United States and Africa. But Kenya`s unilateral decision to pursue a free trade agreement with the United States has drawn criticism from members of the East African Community (EAC) and the African Free Trade Association (AfCFTA).