European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the « backstop ») which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if no other valid solution is demonstrated before the transition period expires. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a « hard » border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed. [19] The bill was first introduced in Parliament on 21 October 2019, but expired on 6 November with the dissolution of Parliament in preparation for the December 2019 parliamentary elections. The bill was reintroduced immediately after the general election and was the first bill introduced in the House of Commons in the first session of the 58th Parliament[5] with amendments to the previous bill by the re-elected government and was read for the first time on December 19, just after the first reading of the Outlawries Bill and before the start of the debate on the Queen`s Speech. The second reading took place on 20 December, the third on 9 January 2020. The House of Lords passed the law on 21 January 2020 after passing five amendments. However, these amendments were overturned by the House of Commons the next day. [12] [13] Described by The Independent as the government that « ceded » to conservative rebels, the originally planned bill would have allowed MPs to review each « line by line » agreement and make changes. [8] Conservative MP Steve Baker wrote to The Times stating that the new bill « gives any agreement that we have a good reputation with the EU in British law » and that it is compatible with the referendum result of « giving more control over how we are governed by the British Parliament. » [9] A number of clauses in the previous version of the act have been removed. Among them, the bill was passed by the House of Lords on January 22, 2020, with no further amendment. The next day she obtained royal approval.

[14] [15] After reaching the Conservatives, the bill was revised and reintroduced on December 19, after passing second reading the next day. The revision of the law in December repealed the provisions adopted in previous versions of parliamentary control of the Brexit negotiations. [10] The government submits a delegated notification letter for all public bills (including hybrids) to justify the devolution of powers, usually to ministers, in the bill.

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